On July 22, the ministry of industry and information technology is introduced in the first half of 2015 industrial telecommunication industry development situation of press conference, the ministry run monitoring coordination bureau, deputy director of li-bing huang to justify industries such as steel are put forward.
Li-bing huang said that, in the past, such as steel, cement, electrolytic aluminium is energy-intensive, highly polluting industries, but these industries are now converted to energy conservation and environmental protection industry, is the advantage of capacity.
China steel industry association, vice President of late jingdong also hold similar views, he said to the daily economic news "reporter:" now the production process of iron and steel has become more and more green, but also in steel product itself quality improvement to promote energy conservation and environmental protection."
And referring to the current industrial economic pressure, li-bing huang admitted that overcapacity problem more prominent. He said, the original "twelfth five-year" capacity elimination of tasks has been done a year in advance, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" main task is to solve the excess capacity.
Most of the steel mills of environmental standards
In the past, such as steel, cement, electrolytic aluminium industry are wearing ", high-energy-consuming and resource-dependent "hat, is energy-consuming, high pollution and resource industry. "Now, after these years hard work, should is name, because these industries are to the energy conservation and environmental protection industries, and is the advantage of capacity." Li-bing huang said.
For li-bing huang to "pick cap" industries such as steel, China steel industry association, vice President of late jingdong to the "daily economic news" reporter said, used to think the iron and steel industry is the story itself is not very scientific energy-intensive industry. "Iron is not purely a industry, energy consumption in the smelting process, it can also produce secondary energy. Now in the iron and steel production of about 70% to 70% of the energy is needed by the secondary energy conversion." Jingdong said later. He also mentioned that a decade ago one ton to every production costs 1.5 tons of standard coal, now only 500 kg.
For the steel industry high pollution, jingdong said later, after several years of technical upgrading, most of the iron and steel enterprises can basically achieve the existing environmental standards. Now only a few pollution factor also is more, for example, currently can not effectively solve the nitrate pollution to the environment, but now the denitration technology are not mature in foreign countries.
In addition, the late jingdong, steel product quality or value added to ascend in recent years to promote the energy conservation and environmental protection. Now, for example, the steel products is more and more light, and equipment to the car can reduce energy consumption.
Dissolve the capacity appeared positive factors
In reference to the current industrial economic pressure, li-bing huang believes that structure adjustment and dissolving capacity is a long and arduous process, but now there are already positive factors.
He said in the electrolytic aluminum industry, for example: "over the years by constantly promoting the industry structure adjustment, this year a great change. In the first half of the electrolytic aluminium industry consumption rose by more than 8%. In addition, its basic recovery capacity to more than 80%. The case in May and June from negative to positive. In this industry for 3 years in the industry of losing money, but through unswervingly promote structural adjustment, there is a silver lining."
But li-bing huang admits the pressure of the steel, cement, glass and other industries still exist. He listed, according to the coal 1 ~ the industry profits fell by more than 60% year-on-year in May, cement, glass industry profits fell by more than 60%, profits fell by 36% in the metallurgical industry.
Li-bing huang said: "some difficult problems in economic operation, and excess capacity has a direct relationship." In iron and steel, for example, jingdong, told reporters late from the industry, now there are 1.2 billion tons of steel production capacity, but the demand for steel is 700 million to 800 million tons.
Aiming at the problem of excess production capacity, in recent years around the backward production capacity out work. Li-bing huang said, "after the years continuously push backward production capacity, the '12th five-year' selection of the original set the task was finished last year a year in advance. Eliminate backward production capacity, task basically come to an end, 'much starker choices-and graver consequences-in' main task is to solve the excess capacity."
During the much starker choices-and graver consequences-in "li-bing huang said," first resolve capacity way or to rein in new capacity, mainly adopts new project implements the amount and the decrement replacement. In addition, he also mention corporate merger and reorganization, excitation advantage enterprises "going out" capacity to resolve way. "Daily economic news" reporter also found that li-bing huang mentioned by expanding domestic effective demand to resolve capacity after also less involved. He said: "we use and green building materials to the countryside to promote the steel structure, promote the use of high quality steel and aluminum."
Late jingdong said to reporters, now our country is more than 90% of the part of a building of reinforced concrete, and in the part of the building by 50% ~ 60% of developed countries belong to the steel structure. Promote the use of steel structure not only can resolve some capacity, and can recycle use, not waste generated environment, may also promote our country's steel production structure transition to high added value.
Remove ", high-energy-consuming and resource-dependent "hat
Ministry of operation monitoring and coordination bureau deputy director li-bing huang said that in the past, such as steel, cement, electrolytic aluminium industry are wearing ", high-energy-consuming and resource-dependent "hat, is energy-consuming, high pollution and resource industry. "Now, after these years hard work, should is name, because these industries are to the energy conservation and environmental protection industries, and is the advantage of capacity."